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2020 年8月3日至8月9日,由联合国教科文组织国际工程科技知识中心(简称“国际知识中心”、“IKCEST”)、西安交通大学主办,IKCEST丝路培训基地承办的第81期丝路工程科技发展专项培训依托MOOC平台开展线上培训,83名学员参加了本次培训,他们分别来自巴基斯坦、卢旺达、也门等22个“一带一路”沿线国家。

The 81st IKCEST Training Programme for Silk Road Engineering Science and Technology Development was held online from August 3rd to August 9th, 2020. It was co-hosted by the International Knowledge Centre for Engineering Sciences and Technology (shortened as “IKCEST”) under the Auspices of UNESCO, Xi’an Jiaotong University, and was organized by IKCEST Silk Road Training Base. 83 students from 22 belt-road countries such as Pakistan, Rwanda and Yemen participated in this training programme.

本期培训以新冠肺炎防控为主题,旨在通过培训使学员了解三方面知识。1. 了解新冠病毒基本知识、传播途径及流行病学特征;  2. 了解新冠病毒诊断、鉴别诊断及治疗; 3. 了解内科、外科、妇科、儿科等其他科室在新冠病毒疫情下的应对措施及管理措施。此次培训由西安交通大学第一附属医院资深教授团队亲临授课。课程内容涵盖三种冠状病毒肺炎的鉴别(SARS、MERS、COVID-19)、COVID-19的流行特征及应对策略、2019年冠状病毒病的诊断(COVID-19)、瑞德西韦抗SARS-CoV-2等冠状病毒的研究进展、COVID-19爆发对外科手术的挑战及应对方法、小儿冠状病毒性肺炎的临床特征及分型、如何从普通人的角度冷静应对新冠状病毒等内容。学员采取“视频课件点播学习+视频弹题(Quiz in Video) +交流研讨+课后练习”的形式进行线上学习,自由安排学习进度完成在线学习任务,培训中学员积极开展线上交流探讨。

Themed on prevention and control of COVID-19, this training programme aimed to enable trainees to understand three aspects of knowledge related to COVID-19. 1. The basic knowledge, transmission route and epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 virus; 2. The diagnosis, differential diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 coronavirus; 3. The countermeasures and management measures of other departments such as Internal medicine, Surgery, Gynecology and Pediatrics during the epidemic situation. This programme was delivered by experienced teachers from First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University. The lectures are: Differentiation of three kinds of Coronavirus PneumoniaSARS, MERS, COVID-19, Epidemic characteristics and response strategies of COVID-19, How to diagnose coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), Advances of Studies on Remdesivir Against Coronaviruses including SARS-CoV-2, The challenge and way to deal with under the outbreak of COVID-19 for the Surgical operation, Clinical characteristics and typing of coronavirus pneumonia in children, How to deal with the new coronavirus calmly from the aspects of ordinary people and etc. A combined approach of video-on-demand (shortened as VOD) study, quiz in video, online discussion and after-class practicing were employed in the online training. The students freely arranged the learning schedule to complete online learning tasks, and had active discussion during the training.

目前,IKCEST丝路培训基地已举办81期“丝路工程科技发展专项培训”,共培养了来自100余个国家的7000余名留学生、以及在华外向型企业人员。此次培训是丝路培训基地的第二次线上培训,将在培养丝路人才,服务国家“一带一路”倡议方面发挥重要的作用,同时,也为推动文化、科技、教育交流,为丝路沿线和欧亚非地区经济社会发展做出重要贡献。

Up till recently, 81 Sessions of IKCEST Training Programmes for Silk Road Engineering Science and Technology Development have been held by Silk Road Training Base, training more than 7,000 foreign students from over 100 countries and staff from some export-oriented Chinese Companies. As the second session of online training of the IKCEST Silk Road Training Base, this training programme plays an important role in cultivating talents and promoting the Belt and Road Initiative. In the Meanwhile, it also made important contributions to the economic and social development of European, Asian and African Belt-road countries and regions.

联合国教科文组织国际工程科技知识中心(简称“国际知识中心”“IKCEST”)是联合国教科文组织下属二类中心,2014年6月在北京成立,依托中国工程院建设,旨在面向世界各国尤其是发展中国家的政策制定者、广大工程科技工作者提供咨询、科研、教育等知识服务。2017年2月,国际知识中心依托西安交通大学,设立“IKCEST丝路培训基地”,为“一带一路”沿线国家培养工程科技人才。

The International Knowledge Centre for Engineering Sciences and Technology (shortened as “IKCEST”) is a category II centre under the auspices of UNESCO. IKCEST was established on June 2, 2014. The Chinese Academy of Engineering is responsible for the operation and management of the IKCEST. IKCEST aims to provide knowledge-based services at global scale in the form of consultancies, scientific research and education for policy-makers and engineering science and technology professionals in the world, with particular reference to the developing countries. In February 2017, based in Xi'an Jiaotong University, IKCEST Silk Road Training Base was established, which aims to train more engineering and technological talents for Belt-Road countries.

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